C-Codes: Cyclic Lowest-Density MDS Array Codes Constructed Using Starters for RAID 6

The distance-3 cyclic lowest-density MDS array code (called the C-Code) is a good candidate for RAID 6 because of its optimal storage efficiency, optimal update complexity, optimal length, and cyclic symmetry. In this paper, the underlying connections between C-Codes (or quasi-C-Codes) and starters in group theory are revealed. It is shown that each C-Code (or quasi-C-Code) of length 2n can be constructed using an even starter (or even multi-starter) in (Z2n, +). It is also shown that each C-Code (or quasi-C-Code) has a twin C-Code (or quasi-C-Code). Then, four infinite families (three of which are new) of C-Codes of length p - 1 are constructed, where p is a prime. Besides the family of length p - 1, C-Codes for some sporadic even lengths are also presented. Even so, there are still some even lengths (such as 8) for which C-Codes do not exist. To cover this limitation, two infinite families (one of which is new) of quasi-C-Codes of length 2(p - 1) are constructed for these even lengths.

By: Mingqiang Li; Jiwu Shu

Published in: RC25218 in 2011


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