Disproving a Silicon Analog of an Alkyne with the Aid of Topological Analyses of the Electronic Structure and Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Calculations

A silicon compound has recently been synthesized that was claimed to exhibit the first realization of a silicon-silicon triple bond. We debate this classification on the basis of a thorough investigation of the nature of the chemical bond, using the rigorous topological analysis of the electron density as developed in Baders atoms-in-molecules theory, that of the electron localization function and the related orbital-independent definitions of the bond order. Our results refer both to the ground-state geometry and to nonequilibrium configurations, which are accessed by the system in a room-temperature ab initio molecular dynamics simulation. We also use the reciprocal compliance force constant as an independent chemical descriptor. All the above procedures are in agreement and do not support the classification of the silicon-silicon central bond as triple. The characterization which consistently emerges from the present study is one in which two electron pairs participate in the bonding and the other pair belongs mainly to nonbonding regions.

By: Carlo A. Pignedoli; Alessandro Curioni; Wanda Andreoni

Published in: , volume 6, (no 9), pages 1795-1799 in 2005

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