Self-Consistent Modeling of Accumulation Layers and Tunneling Currents Through Very Thin Oxides

Copyright © (1996) American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics

Poisson and Schrodinger equations are solved self-consistently for accumulated layers in metal-oxide-semiconductor devices and applied to the calculation of tunneling currents at 300 K and 77 K and extraction of parameters for very thin oxides. Calculations at 300 K show strong agreement with measured tunneling currents and also point out the sources of inaccuracies in extracting thicknesses of oxides by electrical methods such as through measurement of capacitance. Direct tunneling current in thin oxides (1.5-2.0nm) are shown to achieve larger than 1 A/cm2 current density for applied voltage smaller than 3 V, pointing to possibilities of achieving high endurance injection across thin oxides. Comparison of calculations using classical approach and self-consistent approach shows fortuitous agreements in tunneling currents despite large differences in the physical models. Appropriate methods for calculating tunneling currents from bound and extended quantum states are also described.

By: Farhan Rana, Sandip Tiwari and D. A. Buchanan

Published in: Applied Physics Letters, volume 69, (no 8), pages 1104-6 in 1996

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